Agroplantae: Jurnal Ilmiah Terapan Budidaya dan Pengelolaan Tanaman Pertanian dan Perkebunan <p><strong>Agroplantae: Jurnal Ilmiah Terapan Budidaya dan Pengelolaan Tanaman Pertanian dan Perkebunan</strong> adalah Terbitan berkala ilmiah dari Jurusan Budidaya Tanaman Perkebunan Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Pangkep, yang terbit 2 kali setahun setiap Maret dan September, Memuat&nbsp; artikel dari hasil penelitian yang berhubungan dengan budidaya dan pengelolaan tanaman pertanian dan perkebunan.&nbsp; Saat ini Teraktreditasi SINTA-4</p> Jurusan Budidaya Tanaman Perkebunan, Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Pangkajene Kepulauan en-US Agroplantae: Jurnal Ilmiah Terapan Budidaya dan Pengelolaan Tanaman Pertanian dan Perkebunan 2089-6166 PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI MICROGREENS PAKCOY PADA JENIS MEDIA TANAM DAN PUPUK ORGANIK CAIR URIN SAPI <p>Plant media and nutrition are key faktors in plant growth, including pakchoy microgreens. This research aims to determine the effect of the type of planting media and the dose of cow urine liquid organic fertilizer on the growth of pachoy microgreens. This research was structured using a factorial Randomized Group Design (RGD). The first factor is that the planting media consists of 3 levels, namely: cocopeat (M1), husk charcoal (M2) and cocopeat + husk charcoal (M3). The second factor is the dose of liquid organic fertilizer from cow urine cinsisting of 2 levels, namely a doses of 25 ml/L (D1), 50 ml/L (D2) and a control using water (D0). The research results show that media treatment and liquid organic fertilizer had a significant effect on the fresh weight to microgreens, but had No. significant effect on germination time, emergence of cotyledons and 100% germination. The use of cocopeat media without the applicaation of liquid organic ferlitizwer gave a better response compared to the application of liquid organic fertilizer. Husk charcoal medai, mixed media of husk charcoal and cocopeat with the aplication of 25 ml/L liquid organic fertilizer gave a better response than without the application of liquid organic fertilizer. The use of cocopeat media shoud not be accompanied by the application of liquid organic fertilizer.</p> Syamsia Syamsia Haslinda Haslinda Abubakar Idhan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 13 1 1 9 10.51978/agro.v13i1.817 IDENTIFIKASI GEJALA SERANGAN HAMA DAN PENYAKIT PADA TANAMAN ANGGREK <p>Rian Orchid is an orchid garden that has a collection of various types of orchids in Tondobakaru Village, Mamasa Regency. One of the factors that hinders the growth of cultivated orchids is the presence of pests and diseases. The research was carried out with the aim of identifying symptoms of pest and disease attacks that usually attack orchid plant collections. The method used in this research was direct observation and interviews with orchid garden owners, then the data obtained was analyzed descriptively qualitatively. Observation results showed that there were 4 types of pests, namely whiteflies (Bemecia tabaci), mealybugs, elephant beetles (Orchidaphillus atherrimus) and leaf-eating beetles. Meanwhile, there were 3 types of disease symptoms found, namely Bacterial soft and brown rot, Bacterial Brown Spot, and Anthracnose.</p> Sri Muliani Andi Ridwan Syatrawati syatrawati Nildayanti Nildayanti Yusri Alferi Chindy Loda Parando ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 13 1 10 17 10.51978/agro.v13i1.782 RESPON TANAMAN PAKCOY TERHADAP PEMBERIAN POC REBUNG DAN MEDIA TANAM PADA HIDROPONIK SISTEM WICK <p style="margin: 0cm; text-align: justify;"><span lang="IN">Pakcoy plants need nutrients like POC and organic growing media such as charcoal, cocopeat and sawdust to grow well. This research aims to determine the response of pakcoy plants (Brassica rapa L.) to various planting media with bamboo shoot POC at different concentrations, as well as the interaction between the two. This research was structured using a randomized block design (RAK) in factorial form, with the first factor being planting media using husk charcoal (M1), sawdust (M2) and cocopeat (M3), while the second factor was POC treatment which consisted of 4 doses, namely; 0 ml POC/100 ml water (D0), 20 ml POC/100 ml water (D1), 40 ml POC/100 ml water (D2), and 60 ml POC/100ml water (D3). Pakcoy plant variables observed were plant height, number of leaves, leaf area index, fresh weight of stover, wet weight of roots, and root length. The data analysis used was analysis of variance (ANOVA) with a confidence level of 95% (α 0.05) and α 0.01). If p ≥ α 0.05, then the BNJ 0.05 further test is carried out (5% confidence level). The results of the study showed that the interaction between the planting medium used and the POC dose of bamboo shoots only had a significant effect on the root length of pak choy plants in the combination of sawdust planting medium and POC 60 ml/100 ml water (M3D3), while the other parameters did not have a real impact. Partially, 99% of the best response of pakchoy plants was using charcoal husk planting medium (M1), while using POC bamboo shoots showed the best response was shown when using a POC dose of 60 ml/100 ml water.</span></p> Rizaldi Natsir Ishak Kasifah Kasifah Amanda Patappari Firmansyah Nurson Petta Pudji ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 13 1 18 29 10.51978/agro.v13i1.773 EVALUASI MODEL PENGERINGAN LAPISAN TIPIS JAGUNG (ZEA MAYS L) VARIETAS BIMA 18 DAN BIMA 16 <p>Drying is one of the most important things done in the post-harvest process. This research aims to determine the pattern of decreasing water content in hybrid corn varieties Bima 18 and Bima 16, as well as to obtain an appropriate mathematical model of thin layer drying. The method used is the trial fitting method with the Newton Model, Henderson and Pabis Model, Page Model, Midilli et al. Model, and the two-term exponential model. Drying of thin layers of hybrid corn Bima 18 and Bima 16 at temperatures of 40°C and 50°C showed an exponential pattern. The most suitable corn drying model for the Bima 18 and Bima 16 varieties and at temperatures of 40°C and 50°C is the Midilli model and the two-term exponential model. Awm2-4e of 40°C is R2=0.9986 and the Bima 16 variety has R2=0.9961, while the Two Term Exponential model value for the Bima 18 variety at a temperature of 50° is R2 = 0.9988 and the Bima 16 variety has R2 = 0.9938.</p> Henny Poerwanty Nildayanti Nildayanti Syatrawati Syatrawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 13 1 30 37 10.51978/agro.v13i1.790 PENGARUH PERLAKUAN KOLKISIN PADA BENIH SENGON (Falcataria mollucana Miq.) <p>S</p> <p>Sengon (<em>Falcataria moluccana</em> Miq.) is a pioneer tree species that is widely developed in industrial plantation forests and community forests because of its fast growing species. The properties of sengon seeds which are classified as orthodox can decrease their viability and vigor during storage. The colchicine hormone is expected to increase the acceleration of plant growth so that it can increase the success of sengon seed growth. The aim of this research was to see the effect of colchicine treatment on the accelerated growth of sengon seeds. This research was carried out using a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with one factor, namely colchicine concentration. The concentrations used are: 0 (control), 0.5 ppm, 1.0 ppm, 1.5 ppm, 2.0 ppm. The effect of the treatment was seen through variance testing using SAS 9.0 portable software. The variance results showed that soaking in colchicine solution had a very significant effect on the maximum growth potential, germination capacity and germination value, while the colchicine solution soaking treatment had no real effect on growth speed.</p> Muhammad Fajar Islam Arniana Anwar Yunita Pare Rombe ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 13 1 38 45 10.51978/agro.v13i1.524 UJI EFIKASI FUNGISIDA UNTUK PENGENDALIAN PENYAKIT HAWAR PELEPAH (Rhizoctonia solani Khun.) PADA TANAMAN PADI SECARA IN VITRO DAN IN VIVO <p><em>Rhizoctonia solani</em> Khun, is one of the fungi that causes important diseases in rice plants which can reduce rice production with a severity level of 6-52%. The aim of this research is to analyze the effectiveness of fungicide active ingredients in suppressing the development of <em>R. solani</em> disease. The research was carried out in March-July 2022. The method used was a Completely Randomized Design (CRD), in vitro testing was carried out with 10 treatments and 10 replications and in vivo testing was carried out in 9 treatments with 3 replications. Active fungicide treatments used: T1: Propinab 70%, T2: Trifloxystrobin 25% + Tebuconazole 50%, T3: Difenoconazole 250 g/l, T4: Azoxystrobin 200 g + Difenoconazole 125 g, T5: Difenoconazole 250 g, T6: Azoxystrobin 200 g + Difenoconazole 125 g/l, T7: Azoxystrobin 250 g/l + Difenoconazole 150 g/l, T8: Propiconazole 125% + Tricyclazole 400%, T9: Piraclostrobin 133 g/l + Epoxiconazole 50 g/l and T0= control without treatment. The parameters observed were calculating the mycelium diameter at 2 days after application (HSA) up to 14, calculating the percentage of attacks at 7 HSA1, 7 HSA2 and 14 HSA3. The results of the efficacy test showed that several fungicide active ingredients in controlling rice sheath blight (R. solani) in rice showed significant differences between treatments of fungicide active ingredients on the development of the pathogen. T2 active ingredient treatment: Trifloxystrobin 25% + Tebuconazole 50% provides the best efficacy test results in vitro and in vivo.</p> Alia Senja Utami Lina Budiarti Dulbari Dulbari Bobby Utomo Putra ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 13 1 46 56 10.51978/agro.v13i1.530 PENINGKATAN MUTU FISIOLOGIS DAN PERTUMBUHAN BENIH CABAI RAWIT (Capsicum frutescens) KEDALUARSA MELALUI TEKNIK INVIGORASI MENGGUNAKAN EKSTRAK JAGUNG MUDA <p>One of the problems with companies engaged in seed production is that many seeds produced are not sold quickly and expire, resulting in a decrease in physiological quality. The purpose of this study was to determine the increase in the physiological quality and growth of expired cayenne pepper (<em>Capsicum frutescens</em>) seeds through the invigoration technique using young corn extract (<em>Zea mays</em>). The research was conducted using the Non-Factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with the concentration of young corn extract (K) as the treatment factor. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and followed by DMRT level of 5%. The K factor consists of 5 levels; K0 (without soaking in young corn extract), K1 (20% of young corn extract), K2 (25% of young corn extract), K3 (30% of young corn extract), and K4 (35% of young corn extract ). The results showed that the use of young corn extract for invigoration of expired cayenne pepper seed had a significantly different effect on the parameters of growth synchrony and vigor index, and had a very significant effect on the parameters of germination power, maximum growth potential, and growth speed, compared to the control treatment. These results indicate that young corn extract is capable of acting as a bio-invigorator in improving the physiological quality of expired seeds</p> Netty Ermawati Linda Ambar Agustiana Putri Santika ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 13 1 57 71 10.51978/agro.v13i1.532 PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL TANAMAN TERUNG UNGU (Solanum melongena L.) TERHADAP PEMBERIAN PUPUK KANDANG SAPI DAN WAKTU APLIKASI Trichoderma sp <p><em>Trichoderma</em> sp and cow manure as biofertilation that supports the growth and production of horticultural and food crops.&nbsp; The aim of the research is to determine the application time of <em>Trichoderma</em> sp on purple eggplant plants, to determine the interaction between the <em>Trichoderma </em>sp fungus and which dose of manure provides the best growth and production on purple eggplant plants. This research method was prepared based on a split plot design (SPD), with 12 treatment combinations, each treatment repeated 3 times so that there were 36 experimental units. The main plot is the dose of cow manure (p), consisting of 3 levels, namely, p1 (cow manure dose 500 g/polybag), p2 (cow manure dose 750 g/polybag), p3 (cow manure dose 1000 g/ polybag). The subplot is the application time of<em> Trichoderma</em> sp (a), consisting of 4 application times, namely, t0 (without <em>Trichoderma</em> sp), t1 (1 week before planting), t2 (at planting time), t3 (1 week after planting). The treatment of <em>Trichoderma</em> sp application time has no effect on the growth and production of purple eggplant plants due to the dose of <em>Trichoderma</em> sp is not optimal, giving a dose of manure 1000g.polybag is more effective than 750g.polybag and 500g.polybag on production (length and weight of fruit/plant) purple eggplant. The interaction between the dose of manure 500g.polybag with <em>Trichoderma</em> sp application time 1 week before planting gave the best effect on the growth of crown weight, root weight and production (length of fruit/plant) of purple eggplant</p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Bibiana Rini Widiati Nining Haerani Purnama Irwan Andi Herwati Haerul Haerul ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 13 1 72 81 10.51978/agro.v13i1.729 FORMULASI PUPUK ORGANIK LIMBAH KULIT KOPI DENGAN PENAMBAHAN TANAMAN PENGHASIL NITROGEN TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN BIBIT KOPI ROBUSTA (Coffea canephora L.) <p>The increase in coffee production in Indonesia has resulted in an increase in by products in the form of coffee skin waste, which can be processed into organic fertilizer. The purpose of this study was to determine the formulation of organic fertilizer that gives the best effect on the growth of robusta coffee seedlings. This study used a Randomized Group Design (RDB) with the treatment of various formulations of coffee skin waste organic fertilizer with the addition of nitrogen producing plants, namely without coffee skin waste organic fertilizer (soil) or control (P0), coffee skin waste organic fertilizer without the addition of nitrogen-producing plants (P1), coffee skin waste organic fertilizer with the addition of babadotan plants (P2), coffee skin waste organic fertilizer with the addition of mucuna plants (P3) and coffee skin waste organic fertilizer with the addition of lamtoro plants (P4). The dose given per polybag was 300 grams/polybag. The nutrient content of the organic fertilizer formulation with the addition of lamtoro plants produced the highest nutrient content compared to the addition of mucuna and babadotan leaves, namely N by 1.88%, P by 0.50% and K by 3.14%. In the observed variables, namely plant height and stem diameter, the formulation treatment with the addition of lamtoro produced the highest plant height and largest plant diameter, but was not significantly different from the other treatments. The organic fertilizer treatment with the addition of lamtoro plants also produced the highest number of leaves and was significantly different from the soil treatment (control) and treatment with the addition of babadotan plants, but not significantly different from the formulation treatment with the addition of mucuna and treatment without the addition of nitrogen producing plants.</p> Nober Padidi Eka Wisdawati Basri Baba ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 13 1 82 91 10.51978/agro.v13i1.811